All information on this website was found through Internet research or
submission by interested visitors. The songs and compositions themselves are
therefore assumed to be in the public domain unless otherwise stated.
For compositions that are under copyright, we have received permission from the
author / copyright holder to post those compositions in their entirity, or "fair
usage" applies to the posting of these files in their current incomplete
presentation format. "Samples" (partial recordings or partial depictions of
scores) are a common practice on the Internet and are considered "fair usage"
in the format as used in this website.
The use of sample images and / or soundfiles in this
website is contended to be a fair use, since it is used solely for
educational purposes in a not-for-profit encyclopedia, is necessary for
cultural and historical purposes, and the material value of the possible
copyright is not believed to be lessened by its use here.
It is believed that the use of this images and / or soundfiles in this
website to illustrate an article on the composition or the person in
question falls under the "Non-profit educational" clause of
the Fair Use doctrine currently upheld by United States law. (17 U.S.C. §
Sample pictures and sound files are incomplete low resolution copies, and
are only being used to illustrate and identify the song and composer
in question. Some of these images or sound files are irreplaceable; a free
analogue is impossible to produce as the original will be covered by
copyright for the foreseeable future. Owing to the limited web-resolution
and incompleteness of the sample image or sound file, only a small portion
of a copyrighted work is used. It does not limit the copyright owner's
rights to sell the image in any way. Similarly, MIDI files are incomplete
(e.g. text and performance marks have been removed) and cannot be used to
replace an original score.
While every attempt has been made to ensure that the information in these pages
is accurate, these files may contain defects. Among other things, these defects
may take the form of incomplete, inaccurate or corrupt data, transcription
errors, a copyright or other intellectual property infringement, or computer
codes that cannot be read by your equipment /platform/ setup. The owner of these
pages cannot and does not accept any responsibility for any losses related to
the use or attempted use of this information. These pages and files are provided
to you "as-is"; no warranties of any kind, express or implied, are made to you.
Links to my pages are welcome. This site will remain non-commercial and free
of charge as long as we can maintain it so.
Please be aware that copyrights for commercial
duplication and/or public performance of the work of contemporary composers
might be reserved, either by the composer or the original publisher.
Such copyrights would generally be in effect in the USA for all works
first published in the USA after 1923.
Copyright laws may differ in your country.
It is your responsibility to know the copyright laws in your country and to
comply with those laws.
Songs that are under copyright protection may not be reproduced or
performed without permission of the copyright owner. I will not provide
copies of copyrighted materials, unless the copyright owner has given me
express permission to do so. Scores and recordings of compositions that are
still under copyright are available for purchase through numerous external
links throughout this website. Even if there is no such link, it remains your
responsibility to find a source where you can legally purchase the score or
The fact that you can download sheet music for free on this or any
other website DOES NOT release you from the
copyright regulations in YOUR country. It remains your obligation to register
titles that are under copyright in your country with your country's copyright
collecting society BEFORE you plan to perform this music in public.
When you download a title, or request and receive a score from us by email,
you do state expressly your agreement in this matter.
Geert Cuypers hereby permits all of the listed songs not currently
under copyright in your country to be reproduced for personal
practice and student recitalswithout need to contact us for our
specific permission under the terms of the creative commons license, provided
the following credit is included in each printed copy:
Such songs may be used privately but may not be republished for profit.
The use of files or information posted on this website for publication for
personal gain or commercial purposes is strictly prohibited.
The files posted on this website are for personal reference and
educational purpose only. This listing of composers is the result of an
ongoing Web-search and any files or references found on the Internet are
assumed to be in public domain for this informational, educational, and
The posted MIDI files are not equal to and are in no way intended to
replace the scores or live recordings of the works they represent. All
performance notations and most lyrics have been removed from the MIDI file.
This way, the MIDI file by itself is insufficient for for voice practice and
performance. The original printed score is necessary. The use of MIDI files for such purpose does not
violate copyright laws. (= "fair use")
It is my experience that different soundcards and drivers interpret
performance notation differently. For that reason, I remove all
performance markings from the score. The resulting sound file will play
pretty much with the same volume throughout. That may perhaps not be as
the composer had intended, but fits the purpose of this website to
identify the piece. The purpose of the MIDI files for the composer's pages
in this website is to
correctly identify the piece and
give the visitor an idea of what this piece sounds like.
The listing on this website of composers of
Ave Maria setting and their works represents over 10 years of research effort
and should not be used without written permission for any other purpose than
Copyright or not?
You may find one of these icons on some of the work pages. This refers to
my personal guess at the USA copyright status of the 1st edition
printed score of that song. Don't take my word for it. I could be wrong.
It remains your responsibility to comply with the copyright laws in your
not copyrighted = public domain
I do not hold myself out
as an expert in copyright law; please do not rely upon my interpretation. If
you have copyright issues, please consult a qualified attorney.
For more information about Copyright
law, the U.S. government maintains a
copyright site, which
I recommend. Also, you might want to read the U.S. Supreme Court
decision in the case of Elred v. Ashcroft (537 US ___, 2003), which affirms
the validity of the 1998 amendment to US Copyright law and which contains
the Court's history and understanding of US copyright law. A copy of
this decision is available at the
website. Note that this law brings US law into conformance with the European
Union term adopted in 1993
A simple explanation is that the 1998
law extends copyright protection to 70 years following the death of a
known creator for works created on or after January 1, 1978.
For anonymous works, pseudonymous works, and works made for hire, the
protection is from creation to 95 years following publication, or 120 years
from creation, which ever expires first.
For works published between 1923 and 1977, the period will often be 67
years (there are exceptions).
If you are copyright holder and object
to my including certain information in my website, please email me.
Offending documentation will be replaced with a link to the author's or
publisher's website (if provided).
The use of a composer's name and biography information cannot be objected to
if that information is available anywhere on the internet or in print.
Creative Commons License
Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works
You are free:
to Share — to copy, distribute and transmit the
work for personal use.
Under the following conditions:
Attribution — You
must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or
licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your
use of the work).
Noncommercial — You may not use this work for
No Derivative Works — You may not alter, transform,
or build upon this work.
With the understanding that:
Waiver — Any of the above conditions can be
waived if you get
permission from the copyright holder.
Public Domain — Where the work or any of its
elements is in the
public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way
affected by the license.
Other Rights — In no way are any of the following
rights affected by the license:
Your fair dealing or
fair use rights, or other applicable copyright exceptions and
Thank you for visiting Geert's Ave Maria pages. My guestbook is always
only one page away.
Please do not use my guestbook for spamming, flaming or commercials for
other websites. Such entries will be deleted.