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Ave Maria

Composer: Wenzel Vaclav Emanuel  Horak (1800-1871)
Václav (Wenzel) Emanuel Horák


This music is assumed to be public domain in the USA. BEWARE: the modern-day recordings of that music are not!


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Recording:  not available  
MIDI / Lyrics:  not available  
Score:  not available  

A biographical dictionary of musicians (ed. Theodore Baker)
G. Schirmer, 1905 - Biography & Autobiography - 695 pages
  Horak, Wenzel Vaclav Emanuel
b Mscheno Lobes Bohemia Jan 1 1800, d Prague Sept 5 1871
Pupil of Josef Schubert and the Prague Gymnasium st comp and theory from the works of Turk Vogler Albrechtsber ger and Cherubim Org and choirmaster in succession of various churches in Prague as a teacher and ch comp he was highly esteemed
Václav (Wenzel) Emanuel Horák (1 January 1800 in Lobeč - 3 September 1871 in Prague) was a Czech composer and liturgical musician.

From 1813 Horák attended the Prague Gymnasium while working as a choir boy and later on as a choralist at St. Nicholas's Church in the Malá Strana quarter.[1] At Prague University he first read philosophy, later switching to law. The musical training from Václav Tomášek he wished for, was out of his financial reach. Only later did he become a pupil of Friedrich Dionys Weber's and Jan August Vitásek's. He started as an organist at Prague's Trinity Church around 1830, starting as a teacher at Prague Organ School shortly afterwards. In 1833 he was appointed organist at the Church of Our Lady in front of Týn, choir director at Our Lady of the Snows Franciscan church in 1837, and Regens chori at St. Adalbert's Church in 1853.[1] From 1859, he returned to Our Lady Before Týn, having accepted an appointment as Liturgical musician and director there.[1] In his lifetime, he was made an honorary member of many musical associations and academies, e.g. the Salzburg Mozarteum.

Stylistically, Horák is a scion of late Classicism probably going back to the enduring influence of his patrons Weber and Vitásek, who in their turn were followers of Mozart. Horák's liturgical works, twelve masses, a single requiem, a passion cantata, motets and spiritual songs, were widely acclaimed during his lifetime and are still performed today. He also opened two schools of singing and wrote an essay titled On the Ambiguity of Chords.

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Page last modified: January 30, 2013

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